What Is The Best UVB Bulb For Bearded Dragon?

Bearded dragon comes from hot desert areas from Australia where they received lots amount of sunlight. Basically, bearded dragons in the enclosure will need two types of light.

One is the basking light, which simulates the sun’s heat and provides heat for bearded dragons. In addition to heat and white light, bearded dragons also need UVB light, which helps them synthesize vitamin D3 and metabolize calcium.

Best UVB bulbs for bearded dragons

UVB bulb is absolutely essential for bearded dragons in the enclosure.  UVB rays help bearded dragons manufacture vitamin D3, prevent metabolic bone disease.

The best way to create these rays is by using UVB bulb for bearded dragon. It can be fluorescent or mercury vapor light bulbs. Their full-spectrum bulbs always available but there are some types of them that will produce UVB that too strong for bearded dragon and can burn them.

Fluorescent bulbs have a reasonable price. Every six months you need to replace this bulb because the bulb will not emit enough UVB rays after this time.


Mercury vapor bulbs are more expensive but it will emit much amount of UVB and also last for longer. Due to its feature of high powered, you have to often measure the temperature inside the bearded dragon’s tank.

Ensure that you do not place the bulb too close your pets, or the bulb can overheat ore burn your bearded dragons

If you are looking for the best reptile light bulbs that get more than one function, so mercury vapor bulb is a good idea since it can provide both UVA, UVB rays and heat for your bearded dragons. This is also a good way to save money.

Should you turn off UVB at night?

Yes, you should. Your bearded dragons do not need any source of UVA or UVB at night. You should turn the bulbs off to avoid the light bother your pets when they sleep. If you leave the UVB bulbs all night, it will upset the day/night time cycle of your bearded dragons and disrupt their sleep.

Ideally, bearded dragons should receive for about 12 hours per day of exposure to the light. You also should keep the light turn on at least an hour after they eat at night, this will help them digest their food.

What is the best bedding for ball python?

Unlike the other pets, take care of ball pythons are not an easy task. To make them feel comfortable, you have to set up a complete tank. Choosing the tank size to depend on your ball python’s age and length. And some other factor to make the best home for them.

If you are finding a proper place to live for your ball python, one of the most important factors that you should consider is the best bedding for ball python, also known as substrate.

There is a lot of different products to make bedding for ball pythons. Choosing the right product for them from many available opinions in the market and online store seems to be far from easy. This article will help you to choose the right one.

 #1 Aspen Shavings

Aspen shavings are one of the most common substrates that use for any breed and ball pythons as well. Base on its fluffy and lightweight texture, it made an ideal substrate for every snake owners.

The fluffy particles have a good ability of moist absorbent. It also makes urine, water and feces dry quickly. The down point is that it complained about its dusty.

#2 Coconut fiber

This substrate is not only eco-friendly bedding but also absorbent really well. It is known as easy to clean, no dusty, no smell, easy to bring home, no mold, and their ability to absorb liquid and odor. There is almost no weakness from this produce.

 #3 Newspaper bedding

If you are limit on money, this is the cheapest bedding that you can find. Almost all owners want to buy something economic and easy to clean at the same time. The newspaper is the best ball python substrate to buy for this purpose.

The down point is its absorbent ability is quite bad and it does not look good in the enclosure.

What To Note With Protein Skimmer Review?

It is obvious that using a high quality protein skimmer can increase the success rate of your aquarium.

After a time of using, the dissolved organic compounds are made up of excess food, fish waste, dead plants, and debris will be broken down, compromise the cleanliness of the water and impair the fish’s health.

If you are looking for protein skimmer reviews out there and trying to choose ones, this post is all you need to know about this device that can help you get the most suitable protein skimmer for your aquarium.

#1 The pump

The pump is absolutely the most important part of a protein skimmer. The best protein skimmers basically work by producing millions of tiny bubbles in a limited space.

The good pump will have the better needle wheel impellers, which produce smaller bubbles into microbubbles. The smaller bubbles are, the more waste is removed.

Ensure that you get the good quality pumps that run quieter and release less heat into the water.

#2 The shape of protein skimmers

There are many different shapes of protein skimmers available. You are recommended to choose the skimmer that is a smooth path from the body to the collection cup.

This design is better for the bubbles to rise up and overflows into the waste collection cup.

The shape of protein skimmer that works most effectively is Cone, Hybrid cone, Wine glass.

#3 The reaction chamber

The larger reaction chamber will produce more amounts of bubbles than the smaller ones. This will increase the contact time and improve the efficiency of the skimming process will be.

If you are using the larger size of the reaction chamber, it may remove up to 80% of all organic compounds from your aquarium.

#4 Protein Skimmer Brands

Not all brands that are producing protein skimmer will deliver the best products. If you are not tech-savvy, to avoid going the wrong way, it is better to choose the well-know brand.

Reliable brands also offer you good technical and warranty support. If there is any problem in setup process, you also receive the company support.

What a chicken brooder is all about

When a brooder is mentioned, it usually refers to some sort of warm enclosure for raising infant poultry, whether they are goslings, turkey poults or baby chicks. Normally, a brooder has lights installed, a source of water and food as well as beddings made out of pine shavings. Chicken brooders are accessible pre-constructed, or you can build yours to your taste.

Tips for Using Your Brooder

Here are a couple of things to consider when using a pre-built BEST CHICKEN BROODERS

or constructing yours.

  • Baby chickens require at least one square foot of room per chick. A piece of that space is fine for some weeks before you can move them into a bigger space as they grow. That is just the essential principle guideline, particularly if you have the intentions of moving them into a bigger coop.
  • Are you building your own brooder? Ensure the space is no less than 12 inches tall for chicks in weeks one to three. Chicks will require 24 inches of height when they are a month and a half old so as to prevent them from jumping out. Whatever you use, ensure fresh air can come in. So you might need to include a screen that secures them and allows air to flow in.
  • Place the brooder in a place where the chicks can safe, dry and warm. Keep it out of the elements.
  • For bedding, don’t utilize paper and stick with pine shavings rather than cedar shavings. Cedar can discharge oils. You’ll need to spread around an inch of sheet bedding on the floor.
  • A warm light should be placed at the end of the brooder. If they are in a room where the temperature is 65 F, a 100-watt brilliant bulb in a clamp-up utility light with a metal reflector will guarantee they are sufficiently warm. In the event that the chicks are in a horse shelter or other cold-climate area, ensure you provide them with a heat light.
  • In regards to temperature, take note of that the chicks should remain at about 95°F for their first week. If you receive them via mail, they are normally under 48 hours old. Always find out exactly how old the baby chicks are so you can adjust the height of the bulbs.
  • When you are certain of their age, you can reduce the thermometer by 5°F every week.
  • Provide them with adequate water and food. Feed them a starter feed and ensure it doesn’t get wet – so you should keep the coop clean to prevent mold development.

•              The portable chicken brooder is not required until the chickens are up to a month and a half old. At this point, the chick’s feathers would have been filled up and then, they’re ready to be moved to the regular coop. Also at that age, they can handle cooler temperatur

Bearded dragons food: What vegetables and fruits do they eat?

Bearded dragon is a reptile with a special diet compared to some other pet slaughterers like crested gecko or leopard gecko.

As a baby, bearded dragons should eat with a 100% protein diet and should not be vegetarian. With this menu, the baby bearded dragon can fully develop.

When the bearded dragon is a little older (from one year of age), its diet will change significantly. Instead of eating 100% protein, bearded dragon should spend 20-80% in the diet for vegetables and fruits.

That’s why bearded dragon vegetables are essential and you should consider a diet that helps prevent bearded dragon from becoming obese.

Some bearded dragon veggies that you should consider include:

#1 Vegetables

You should gradually increase the number of vegetables in the bearded dragon’s diet according to its age. When transitioning from a pure protein diet, bearded dragons may struggle with this new food.

For example, a one-year-old bearded dragon should eat with a diet of 25% green vegetables- 75% protein and a bearded dragon should eat the opposite rate, 75% green vegetables- 25% protein.

The most bearded dragon vegetables are the ones that humans can eat like oak choy, cactus pads, collard greens, turnip greens, swiss chard.

Some vegetables that you should avoid making the best bearded dragons food are avocado, onion, spinach, lettuce.

Vegetables should be chopped to fit the bearded dragon’s tiny blades, making it easier for pets to get food.

#2 Fruits

The fruit is also a great addition to the bearded dragon’s menu. For every 25% of green vegetables in the diet, set aside 5% for fruit.

The fruit is a great source of vitamins and water for bearded dragons but it also contains a lot of sugar, so you should only take a small serving of bearded dragon fruit.

The good fruits for bearded dragon are melons, berries, peaches, grapes and apples. Some fruits that you should avoid are oranges and tangerines.

Because the fruit is quite slippery, you need to dice or fertilize directly for bearded dragon. And remember, do not put this food directly on the substrate, even the best bearded dragon substrate can affect their digest system.

What are the best bird mix feeds?

Different species of birds require different type of seed and food. Instead of the least expensive bird seed products on the supermarket shelves, you should spend your time, researching and feeding your pet birds with the best bird feed that are right for their nutritional needs.

The bird mix feeder is the good way to provide more nutritional value from different seeds for your birds. The mix is combination of variety type of seeds such as sunflower, safflower, Nyjer, millet, etc. When choosing best bird feed, you should look through the ingredients list. Ensure that the mix foods are added with vitamins and minerals and does not contains any fillers.

#1 Dr. Harvey’s Our Best Parakeet Food

I consider it as one of the best mix food for parakeets. This food is all natural with the combination of foods that parakeets prefer to eat in their nature environments. The food includes a variety of foods that mimic the wild behavior for parakeets.

Its ingredients are seeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, bee pollen, and herbs such as Canola Seed, Sesame Seed, Poppy Seed Caraway Seed, Macadamia Nuts, Brazil Nuts, Pine Nuts, Pistachios, Banana, Orange Peel, Soybeans, Broccoli, Zucchini, Green Beans, Green & Red Bell Peppers, Spinach, Celery, and Parsley.

Not only a good source of nutrition, Dr. Harvey’s Our Best Parakeet Food also helps promote optimal strength and health and vibrant plumage of birds. It is guaranteed to be made with highest quality ingredients without any chemicals, preservatives, synthetic ingredients, or dyes are added in this product.

#2 Birds LOVE All Natural Garden Blend Bird Food

The food can be used for feeding Macaws, Cockatoos, Quakers, Conures, Cockatiels, Parakeets, Lovebirds and all sized birds. Your birds will love the taste of this food and also received all nutrient that they need. What I like about this product is that it is hand packed, nitrogen flushed. Due to that, it can be storage for long time without any preservatives added.

This mix food will helps imitate what birds prefer to eat in the wild. Its ingredients list includes all natural nuts, seeds, fruits and veggies such as yogurt chips, rice cracker, date, banana, papaya, raisins, millet.

The fruits are dried by a patented technique to prevent they are clumped together in the bag. Birds LOVE All Natural Garden Blend Bird Food is added with beneficial vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.

#3 Nature Forever Bird Feeder Mix

Nature Forever Bird Feeder Mix is the food for feeding wide variety of birds. It is mixed professionally to ensure the birds get enough nutrients that they need in a daily diet. It is processed to be completely dry, which ensure there are no waste and mess included.

Its ingredients are niger seeds, kibbled maize, flax and other seed for a healthy diet. Each ingredient has been carefully chosen and treated for its high energy content and keep the optimal nutrients.

This food can be used for sparrows, silver, finches, munias, parakeets, parrots, budgies and other grain-eating birds. However, its tents to spoiled under the improper storage or being exposure to moisture.

#4 Wagner’s 62034 Greatest Variety Blend Wild Bird Food

Whether you have pet birds at home or you are looking for a food for feeding wide bird, Wagner’s 62034 Greatest Variety Blend Wild Bird Food can be the good option to consider. You will want your birds eat a wide variety of seeds in order to get enough nutritional value that they require.

This mix food is the combination of 11 different ingredients including. There are 40% sunflower seeds and safflower seeds, peanuts, Nyjer seeds, and more. Wat I like about this product is that it comes in a resalable pack thanks to the Velcro pres-lok. That means after open the bag, you do not need to change it to another container for long duration. This food will attract even the pickiest species of bird.

However, I had realized that this food does not have the long expiry date. It is better to check it before feeding your bird as it can be molds after a few days.

What is the best food for adult mini pig?

When your mini pigs get older, about 6 months to 1 year old, they are adult and also should be fed adult pellets. In this stage of life, mini pig food should include less amount of protein than when they were young.

This is important to most important to provide adequate nutrition your pets need while not underfeeding or overfeeding them. As a mini pig presents, it is your responsibility to provide your pets using a best pig food that is appropriate for the developmental stage of their life.

#1 Nutrena Country Feeds Mini Pig Feed

Nutrena pig food contain completely and balance nutrient that the mini pigs need. The only drawback is that it has more than protein levels that an adult mini pig need. In order to keep your pig in a good condition, I recommend feeding a 14% protein ration for it, while Nutrena Country Feeds Mini Pig Feed has 16% protein.

There are amino acids, protein, vitamins and minerals in this food. This pellet has a firmly construct, highly palatable help reduce dust and waste. This is made of all natural ingredient, does not fill with antibiotics or hormones.

#2 Mazuri Mini Pig Mature Maintenance Food

Maruzi adult mini pig food is formulated with the main ingredients are oatmeal and flaxseed, which ensure the proper weight for your pigs. It contains complete nutrient that your pets need with no added flovors.

You can feed your adult mini pigs with maruzi food only, they do not need any supplemental vitamins or minerals. Not only that, this mini pig food contains biotin, niacin, amino acid balanced minerals, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E, and Yucca schidigera extract. Yucca schidigera extract is the element that help reduce and control bed smell of pig’s manure.

#3 What is the proper amount to feed adult mini pigs?

When your pigs get 6 months olds, they you be fed maximum of 2 cups daily. Too much or too little is not good for them. If you can see the pig’s backbone, it is a sign that they do not eat enough amount they need.

There are some factors also effect the amount of food for pigs such as their individual body condition, weather. When it is winter, you should increase the ration of mini pigs.

Can gerbils run too much on their wheel?

We all know that gerbil are active animel that require a lot of excercise. The best gerbil wheel is a tool to keeps your pet happy, and has a healthier body. Gerbils can reach distances of up to 6 miles a day with a good wheel.

However, running too much on a wheel is not always a good thing for the health of gerbil. It can be a sign for the spychological broplem of your pets. Ideally, gerbil should be allowed activity outside its cage as well.


#1 Why dose gerbil run too much on their wheel?

There are some reasons that can make a gerbil become addicted to excessive running. Running is a part of theri natural instinct. Gerbil tent to run a lots in the wild. For this reason, they need somthing to help release their energy so they run on the wheel.

If you keep your gerbil in the small cage, your pets can be confined and restless. Being bored in the small space will take gerbil to running on the wheel. There are another reason that if you allow your gerbils to eat a vaiety of foods that are contain high energy, then it is likely that gerbil will want to run on the wheel as the way to burn off the excess energy in their body.

Besides, if gerbils have nothing but wheel as a toy in the case, they feel bored and get nothing to do. Then, the wheel is the only toy in the case that can help them be happy and active.

#2 Why over running on the why is not good for gerbils?

Firstly, runing on the wheel for the long time can make gerbil’s feet become sores and blisters. Especially, there are some types of wheels out there are designed with metal rungs or wire mesh base. It is better for better gerbils feet if you give them a solid base wheel or you can stick two pieces of cardboard on both sides od the wheel to create a more comfortable base for gerbil to run on.

Secondly, gerbil run to burn off energy but excessive running can make your gerbils become exhaustion. And if they do not drink enough water, it can lead to dehydration or hyperthermia.

And the most serious problem is in some case, a pregnant gerbil may addicted to the weel and this can make her babies becomse dehydrated or hypothermic. If you are keeping a pregnant gerbils, it is better to remove the wheel out of the the cage and you should allow her to run on the wheel for aboout 5-10 minute a day.

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What are the best aspen shaving bedding for hamster?

If you want to keep a happy healthy hamster, the first thing you should thing about is the enclosure setup and the best hamster bedding that you will need to purchase on. One of the most budget options when it comes to best hamster bedding is Aspen Shavings.

Aspen shaving is one of the few types of wood that is accepted to use as hamster bedding. This material creates a natural look for the hamster cage. In general, Aspen shaving is a great choice for hamsters as it is very comfortable for the hamster feet, cheap and easy to find. However, you should only use aspen shavings products purchased from a pet store as they have been treated to remove any harmful, mites and insects.

#1 Kaytee All Natural Aspen Bedding

Most small animal’s owners would know that Kaytee is the reliable well known manufacturer for producing small animals products. They only offer high quality products so you cannot go wrong with Kaytee.

This Aspen bedding from Kaytee make suitable hamster bedding with a tight budget. It is made from all natural aspen shavings that is kiln dried, which is a natural biodegradable product. It is guaranteed to be 99% dust free, so it is no mess, clean, free-allergens bedding that you do not need to worry about respiratory system of your hamsters.

It has the excellent features of Absorbent with good odor control. Its texture is perfect for support burrowing and home building behaviours of the hamsters. It creates a comfortable, gentle on fragile little of feet of hamsters. The material is all natural and biodegradable, due to that you can use the old bedding for a compost bin.

#2 Small Pet Select Aspen Bedding

If Kaytee cannot satisfy your need, you can consider this one form Small Pet Select. This aspen shaving bedding can be excellent liner for your little furry friends. It comes in a smaller size than a previous option, it is 14 lbs/ 6.3 kg and but with one bag, you can use for up to 6 months.

As other aspen shaving options, It is also good absorbent so it can dry out after hamster pees on it. And with how little the hammy pees, this bedding can last a few days before need to be changed. My hamsters usually pee on the corners of their cage and at the end of the week when I change my bedding, it is always fine and not release bed smell.

This kind of bedding is dusty free, this is because it contains larger pieces than sawdust. The pieces are thinner and softer than sawdust. It comes with the affordable price and your will get what you have to pay for.

Cleaning the cage is also not a difficult task with this bedding, you just need to use something like a litter scooper to get rid of any dirty part. This bedding is heavier when it gets wet.

#3 Living World Wood Aspen Shavings

Living World Aspen Shavings Small Animal Bedding is scent-free aspen shaving, it is hypoallergenic, what make it excellent for pets who have respiratory sensitivities. It comes in a compact bag but you may surprise by its highly absorbent capacity, it can absorb up to four times its weight in moisture.

Not only hamster, it makse an ideal bedding for, gerbils, guinea pigs, rabbits, ferrets, chinchillas and other small pets. It is made from 100% natural aspen wood and free of aromatic oils so you do not need to worry about the respiratory problems of your pets.

#4 So Phresh Natural Aspen Small Animal Bedding

It is made from 100% all natural aspen wood shaving. Due to its highly absorbent capacity it also good at control odor. It makes a great bedding for small animals like as it allow them to create their own tunnel and nest.

It is free of scent with no any aromatic oils contained, what make it totally safe and healthy for your pet. It is also dust-free, so even if you are keeping a delicate hamster with sensitive respiratory systems, you do not need to worry about that. What I like most about this bedding I sthat since it made from 100% natural aspen shavings, it is biodegradable animal that can be recycled and used as compost for grow plants.

What are the best arboreal tarantula enclosure?

Bringing home tarantulas means that you will have to provide them the best tarantula enclosure, which help your pets fell comforatble, happy, and mimic the natural enviroment that they are used to live. The enclosure must be sufficient to meet their needs.

Height is a crucial consideration when it comes to best cage for arboreal tarantula. The enclosure for arboreal breed should has height is more than its width as Arboreal tarantulas enjoys climbing. They spend most of their time up in the tres and rarely stay on the ground. Fortunately, it is not an difficult task to meets their need as long as you provide them the right type of enclosure.

#1 Exo Terra Rainforest Habitat Kit

It can be said that this enclosure of Exo Terra is a great option for your. This is beacause it measure 18.5 x 19 x 25 inches with thw height is over the length. Not only that, as the name suggested it is a kit that includes almost all you need  to setup a habitat for your arboreal tanratular. This kits includes all glass terrarium, lighting system, substrate, water bowl, jungle vines and rope.

The liting system of this cage does the great job. It is ideal for new owners as it provide both UVB and heat for your pets. It features tha dual front doors for fully accessiblility. Full metal screen and front vent holes for well ventilation.

#2 Zilla Tropical Reptile Vertical Starter Kit

This is another kit that ideal for beginners as it includes most the essential equipment you will need to keep a terantula with affordable price. It measures 12 x 12 x 18 inches with vertical shape, allow you to place tree, branch, vines, etc that your arboreal can climb on.

This kit offer background décor, a feeding dish, and the substrate, light bublb. General speaking, you will get the complete kit with the affordable price for its quality. Front opening door with locking oin will ensure the security end prevent your teratula from escaping.

#3 Exo Terra All Glass Terrarium Kit – Mini Tall

This cage is 18″ tall, which will offer the ideal enviroment for the growth of arboreal tarantula. It features the natural rock backdrop that allow you to easier build a vertical setup in the enclosure. It constructs allow you to attach the webbing, and fake plants inside, give your pets multiple surface to climb on.

The dual front door make it easy to access without allow tarantula quickly darting out. However, if you are owning a tarantular who always try to find out the way escaping, you should be careful with the low quality door locks of this cage as it may tent to be break.

#4 Exo Terra Glass Natural Terrarium

Although this cage measures 12 x 12 x 12 inch, that means it may not the ideal size for arboreal tarantula. However, 12” inch heigh is enough for arboreal to live happy if you enrich their enviroment with fake plants, branch, jungle vine.

It features window ventilation mechanism and escape proof dual locks, which allow you to easy access while prevent escape. It comes with a natural look backdrop taht will create the natural sense for your terantula enclosure, what makes it ideal for creating a realistic environment. However, the drawback is that the backgroun is made of styrofoam, due to taht it is not the most durable.

#5 Exo Terra Glass Natural Terrarium Nano

It measures 8 x 8 x 12 inches, which make a great habitat for arboreal to explore and hide inside. It features patented front window ventilation. The raised bottom is waterproof for easier cleaning. Apart from vertical  space, it also provide penty of bottom space for placing plants and decorations. The most acttractive point is that it come with the most affordable price in compare with other option on this list. However, it is relatively small, so it may only enough space to keep one arboreal tarantula.